Sciatic nerve pain is much more known as sciatica. It’s a form of pain that is because of an irritation within the sciatic nerve. Usually, the pain starts on the back or lumbar area and then spreads down the thigh, till the knee. The reason behind this is that the sciatic nerve is located from the spinal cord in the lumbar area and extends along the buttocks. This is the largest nerve within the body.
The pain may also radiate towards the hips. It will make walking extremely hard as well as impossible. Aside from the pain, sciatica also has other symptoms. Someone may also feel numbness and tingling or burning sensations through the spine area, upper buttocks, thigh or the rear of his legs. Sometimes, these symptoms are worsened by bending the waist or by walking. It could be partially or completely relieved by laying.
There are several causes for lower back pain. Usually it is actually the consequence of lumbar disc hernia that presses directly on the nerve. This may either cause an inflammation or irritation within the medical advise. Other causes might include tumor growths, infection, internal bleeding, trauma, and different injuries. The nerve can also be irritated by any adjacent muscle or bone. On some cases, it may be due to pregnancy.
The 3 common causes of sciatica are spinal disc herniation, spinal stenosis and piriformis syndrome. In a spinal disc herniation takes place when a person suddenly bends or twists their waist. Once the spinal disc is herniated, it could press on the nerve and cause swelling on the surrounding tissues, which further progresses on the nerve. With lumbar spinal stenosis, the space for the spinal-cord is narrowed. It pinches and irritates the nerves such as the sciatic nerve. Piriformis syndrome is really a condition wherein the sciatic nerve undergoes the piriformis muscle rather than underneath it. When this muscle is overused or injured in people who have this syndrome, it compresses or strangles the sciatic nerve, causing lower back pain.
To ensure low back pain to be treated, it needs to be diagnosed first. Checking for the symptoms, along with a physical exam and medical history may help with all the diagnosis. Diagnostic tests like electromyogram, X-rays, MRI and CT scans are helpful for determining what the exact cause is.
There are several treatment methods for sciatica. Apart from treating the underlying cause, medications and physical therapy will also be helpful. The key goal of medications will be the relief of pain and inflammation. On the other hand, physiotherapy focuses on strengthening the back. Lower back stretching and conditioning exercises greatly help people who have zygolr recovery. Although bed rest will not be a total important for recovery, still it helps relieve symptoms in fact it is still being encouraged. On some instances, surgery is necessary to treat sciatic nerve pain. It is indicated for persisting and chronic sciatica that is because of a compression of a nerve in the lower back area. Other times, specialists on pain management are consulted to help people treat with chronic sciatic nerve pain.